More than a decade ago, it took over 18-months to correctly diagnose 17-year-old Capetonian, Jenna Lowe with rare and severe Pulmonary Hypertension (PH). Little was known about this devastating and deadly disease before Jenna set her mind to raising awareness of how the sudden, unexplained onset of PH completely changed the course of her bright and happy life.
PH is different from hypertension in that it is dangerously high blood pressure that occurs only in the lungs impacting not only breathing but heart health. Research into the condition is scarce, and according to Dr. Gerald Maarman, from the Centre for Cardio-Metabolic Research in Africa at Stellenbosch University, the prevalence of PH in Africa, which mostly impacts low and middle-income countries, can range from 10% to 68%. It is estimated that 75 million people worldwide suffer from PH, however, that could be higher in reality as PH is frequently mis- or undiagnosed.
Thanks to the Jenna Lowe Trust – set up as the legacy of the trailblazing, luminous teen – today Cape Town boasts a twice-monthly specialised PH Clinic at Groote Schuur Hospital. The Pulmonary Hypertension Association of South Africa (PHA SA) is also providing an array of essential support for PH patients and the disease is slowly but surely garnering more support. The Jenna Lowe Trust and the PHA SA are coming together with around 80 organisations worldwide on 5 May 2022 to raise awareness on World PH Day.
Unfortunately, this debilitating, progressive condition remains a life-threatening challenge for patients. There is still no cure beyond organ transplants, and many of the necessary medications and equipment to prolong and improve quality of life are prohibitively expensive and unavailable in South Africa. However, probably the greatest reason for the need for PH awareness, is that it is often still misdiagnosed as it is not yet widely understood and recognised by most primary healthcare professionals.
Many of the symptoms of PH, which is marked by breathlessness are shared by other more common lung conditions, including asthma. This is why it is so important for South Africans to be aware of the condition so that they can request the tests for PH should they suspect they might have it. Gabi Lowe, mother of Jenna and Director of The Jenna Lowe Trust says, “We started the clinic in 2015 as a place of hope for patients and their families.
Jenna’s heart-breaking journey with this cruel disease was made harder because we struggled to access the expertise and help she needed. It is her powerful legacy and wish that it shouldn’t be this way for other South Africans suffering with PH.” Jenna Lowe tragically passed away in 2015, three months before her 21st birthday, after launching the successful social media campaign ‘Get Me to 21’, which highlighted the plight of PH patients and advocated for research on improved care and organ donation. Jenna Lowe’s story is the subject of an upcoming documentary, which the family hope will bring international attention to the disease.
The Jenna Lowe Clinic, which currently serves approximately 500 patients in South Africa is also a hub of training and international engagement for the medical profession. The Jenna Lowe Trust provides the clinic with the services of Nurse Hilary Barlow, and it is overseen by Dr. Greg Symons. Nurse Barlow says, “With fundraising support from the public we are able to help patients who would otherwise not be able to afford high-cost equipment such as oxygen concentrators and mobility support in order to give them better quality of life.”
Thirty-year old mother, Rafeeqa Lamera was diagnosed with PH in 2016 and is a patient at the Jenna Lowe Clinic. Thanks to a loan from the Trust, Rafeeqa uses an oxygen concentrator which enables her to manage daily life and helps to reduce damage to her heart. She says, “Despite being diagnosed with this life threatening disease, I am pursuing my dream of becoming a teacher, and I am in my final year of studying. I am dependent on many medications, which includes concentrated oxygen, but unfortunately, there is no cure for this disease.
However, if I successfully undergo a lung transplant surgery, I will be able to live a normal life for a number of years.” Rafeeqa has a TikTok account, phighter2016, where she posts videos of what her life is like, living with Pulmonary Hypertension.
Callista Greeff, mother of a young son with PH and the PHA SA Chairperson, says “South African PH patients have so many needs including access to doctors who specialise in PH, early detection and diagnosis of PH, and the correct treatments for PH. The Jenna Lowe Clinic at Groote Schuur has successfully developed as the blueprint of a centre of excellence for PH, but we need more them around the country.
The PH ecosystem in South Africa is still developing and we need more engagement from medical aids and pharmaceutical companies so that medications become affordable and health insurers properly understand their members’ needs. The upcoming World PH Day is also really important because we need greater responsiveness from the Department of Health to the plight of PH patients, especially to those who cannot possibly afford medical aid.”
It is important to note that PH can strike anyone, at any age, even those who have previously enjoyed good health. According to the Jenna Lowe Trust, early diagnosis is vital as it can have a significant impact on your health, quality of life, and length of life. It is important not to ignore the following symptoms:
- Breathlessness or shortness of breath, especially during physical activity
- Chest pain known as angina pectoris, especially during physical activity
- Dizziness or light-headedness, especially when climbing stairs or standing up
- Swollen ankles, legs, or abdomen, which is also called oedema
- Loss of energy and feeling tired all the time
- Dry cough
- Raynaud’s phenomenon, which is chalky white or dusky blue fingers that may be painful and can sometimes be provoked by the cold
In advanced stages of pulmonary hypertension, minimal activity may produce some or all of these symptoms. Patients in advanced stages may experience irregular heartbeat, a racing pulse, passing out and difficulty breathing at rest. Sometimes these symptoms mean you have another condition, but sometimes, they may mean you have Pulmonary Hypertension, and it may be important to ask your doctor for a test.
World Pulmonary Hypertension Day is 5 May 2022. Support the important work of The Jenna Lowe Trust here.
For more information about the condition please visit The Pulmonary Hypertension Association South Africa (PHS SA)